Contraception helps couples to have the desired family size, avoid unwanted pregnancies and this generally helps women to pursue careers, and to control the population size. There are different types of contraception such as barrier methods- like condoms, hormonal methods, and surgical methods like a vasectomy. Each of these methods has its advantages and drawbacks.
Hormonal contraception is a 99.9% success rate in preventing pregnancies when it is taken appropriately. Hormonal contraception comes in many forms like oral contraceptive pills, vaginal rings, intrauterine devices (IUDs), implants, injections, and patches. A qualified gynecologist will assess you to determine which Winter Park birth control method is appropriate for you.
How Does Hormonal Birth Control Work?
Hormonal contraceptives use laboratory-produced hormones to mimic the actions of naturally produced progesterone and estrogen. The pills can contain both progestin and estrogen or can have progesterone alone. The hormones are made in a way that mimics the normal menstruation cycle in the body.
The hormones prevent pregnancy through many ways like thickening the cervical mucus so that the sperm is unable to reach the fallopian tubes for fertilization. The hormones can also thin the endometrial lining of the uterus which is the area where the zygote implants and therefore this layer becomes unable to support pregnancy. The hormonal pills can also prevent the release of the ovum from the ovary and therefore fertilization is impossible and this helps to prevent pregnancy.
How well the pill works in preventing pregnancy depends on a couple of factors like whether the pill is taken appropriately, vomiting and diarrhea reduce the effectiveness of the pill and other medications like antihypertensive, antifungals and antibiotics can also affect the effectiveness of the pill. A major drawback of hormonal contraception is that it does not prevent sexually transmitted diseases or HIV & AIDS.
What Body Changes Can be Caused by Hormonal Birth Control?
Different women react differently to hormonal pills. Some women may develop acne when they use hormonal pills. Others may have a change in their skin complexion, a condition known as chloasma. Hormonal contraceptives may also cause mood changes like anxiety and depression. They can also cause breast tenderness or enlargement.
Estrogen can increase the risk of forming blood clots, especially in smokers. The pill may also cause gastrointestinal symptoms like nausea and bloating and may increase your appetite resulting in weight gain. The weight gain is also attributed to the hormonal changes that are caused by the pill. The pill may also reduce the pain that is associated with menses and may also correct heavy flow.
The hormonal pill may also reduce the risk of some cancers like ovarian cancer. The pill has been shown to cause hypertension in some women and to also affect hair growth. There are also adverse effects that could be caused by the pill like increasing the risk of breast cancer, cardiac arrest, cerebrovascular accidents (stroke), and weakening of bones.
Which Women Should Not Use Hormonal Birth Control?
Hormonal contraception should be avoided in:
- Women who smoke
- Women with heart diseases
- Women with uncontrolled hypertension
- Women who experience migraines
- Women who have recently undergone major surgery or are bedridden
- Women with breast cancer
- Women who have had a stroke
- Diabetic women
- Women who have clotting abnormalities
Hormonal contraception is 99.9% effective when taken appropriately and in the absence of diseases or medications that reduce the absorption and effectiveness of the pill. The pill works by thickening cervical mucus, thinning the endometrium, and inhibiting ovulation. Women suffering from heart diseases, diabetes, or stroke should not use the pill.