When your pancreas fails to produce enough insulin, you might have diabetes. This is because insulin is the hormone responsible for regulating your blood sugar levels which is a common cause of uncontrolled diabetes which can seriously damage different systems of your body, mainly your blood vessels and nerves. Besides, you may have enough insulin, but your body fails to use it effectively. In any case, experts such as the experienced team of diabetes specialists at Lake Family Medicine & Imaging can help you manage the condition and prevent further damage that can result from your condition.
Different Types of Diabetes
You can be diagnosed with different types of diabetes, including:
Type 1 Diabetes
This is an autoimmune disease where the immune system attacks and destroys pancreas cells affecting insulin production. Although it is unclear what stimulates the attack, most people with diabetes have this typical condition.
Type 2 Diabetes
This is a situation where your body develops resistance to insulin causing sugar buildups in your blood.
Sometimes your blood sugars can be higher but not enough to be diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. In this case, you are diagnosed with prediabetes.
This is a common condition to women as it involves your blood sugar levels rising during pregnancy. This is because, during this time, the placenta in your womb produces hormones that block insulin, affecting blood sugar levels.
Symptoms of Diabetes
It is good to note that each type of diabetes possesses unusual symptoms from others. However, the general symptoms include:
- Frequent urination
- Weight loss
- Increased thirst and hunger
- Extreme fatigue
- Blurry vision
- Sores that do not heal
Diabetes may affect men and women differently. If you are a man, you can experience poor muscle strength, erectile dysfunction, and decreased sex drive alongside the general symptoms. If you are a woman, you can experience dry, itchy skin, yeast infection, and urinary tract infections alongside the general symptoms.
It is good to note that women with gestational diabetes may not show any symptoms, and the condition is mainly diagnosed during routine blood sugar tests.
Causes of Diabetes
For type 1 diabetes, experts do not know what exactly causes the condition but it results when the insulin-producing cells in your pancreas are mistakenly attacked and destroyed by your immune system for some reason. Besides, genes can also play a role in some people.
Type 2 diabetes is mainly a result of both genetic and lifestyle factors, such as being overweight. With extra weight, particularly on your belly, your cells become more resistant to the effect of insulin.
Gestational diabetes comes as a result of the hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy. This includes the placenta producing some hormones that makes the cells less sensitive to insulin’s effect. Being overweight during pregnancy can increase the risks of this type of diabetes.
It is clear to conclude that both genes environmental and preexisting complications can increase your risks of diabetes. It is, therefore, vital to understand the risks you might be exposed to and control those you can.
Please, you do not have to wait until your condition worsens. You can explore more about diabetes and reduce your risks by reaching out to medical experts. It is also vital to have regular blood sugar tests to reveal your high blood sugar levels.