Know the basics: Constructions are incomplete without proper building materials

For construction purpose, building materials are used. Some substances are naturally made and some are man-made materials. But both are equally in demand and useful. Some of the natural substances are wood, clay, sand and rocks. Sometimes twigs from plants and leaves from trees are also used as building materials. The materials are used for some specific trades such as carpentry, roofing, plumbing and insulation. There are various costs included under the building materials which are mentioned below:

  • The economic costs
  • The energy costs
  • The social costs
  • The ecological costs

An insight about what causes the price fluctuation between different building materials?

The costs fluctuate from one material to another, the better the material, the higher the cost. The different categories could be either the material is repairable or disposable, biodegradable or imperishable, man-made or natural occurring, proper fire safety or not. Under these categories the price of building materials are increased or decreased.

The broad categories:

As mentioned before that there are two types of building materials. Now, they are explained separately below. Natural occurring substances used as building materials are:

  • Brush
  • Timber or wood
  • Snow or ice
  • Stone and rocks
  • Clay or mud
  • Sand
  • Thatch

On the other hand the man-made substances used as building materials are as follows:

  • Ceramics
  • Fired bricks
  • Foam
  • Plastics
  • Metal
  • Fabric
  • Cement composites
  • Concrete
  • Membranes or papers
  • Clay blocks
  • Glass
  • Gypcrete

The first highest embodied energy is in primary aluminium which is about 186.47542MJ/kg and the second highest is in copper that is about 59.94102MJ/kg. The least amount of energy is in concrete which is only 1.34908 MJ/kg. The testing of these materials is done in many places like ETL SEMKO which is based in London, NTA Inc based in Indiana, USA.

News Reporter