Vascular disease is a condition that affects blood vessels affecting how blood flows. When you do not treat the vascular disease, it can lead to heart disease, stroke, and bleeding nonstop. Specialists at the vascular disease in Hudson use advanced technology to diagnose and treat problems in the veins and arteries. During your appointment, you can also get to know more about the types of vascular diseases, diagnosis, and treatment.
Types of Vascular Diseases
Peripheral Artery Disease
You can develop this type of vascular disease when plaque builds up in the arteries, narrowing it down and blocking blood from flowing freely. Blocked vessels mean that your body tissues will not get enough blood. Based on where the problem happened, you will have different symptoms like a heart attack when the coronary artery blocks. When the blockage occurs in your legs, you can feel cramps, pain, and skin discoloration. When there is no blood flow to a part of the body, the tissue could die, leading to amputation of the organ.
Veins have valves that allow blood to flow in one direction. When the valves are damaged, blood flows freely in both directions, causing pooling. The blood will move slowly, and this will cause clotting on the walls of the veins. The veins will bulge under the skin, causing discoloration on the thighs or knees, and it affects women and runs in the family. You can develop varicose veins if you stand for a long time, are overweight, and when you are pregnant.
Diagnosis of Vascular Disease
You should discuss your family and medical history during the doctor’s visit since most vascular diseases are genetic. Although your symptoms can be of a specific vascular disease, your doctor will have to examine your veins and arteries. Doing an ultrasound is necessary to know the functioning of your heart and veins. The diagnosis will help the doctor see the extent of the damage to your body.
Vascular Disease Treatment
Your doctor will provide a treatment plan considering your age, medical history, the type of the vascular condition. Endovenous ablation is a procedure used to get rid of varicose veins. Your doctor will use a wire and a needle to send radiofrequency energy that is gentle to heat and close the affected veins. After the procedure, you will take medicines to help you recover faster. During the healing time, you should avoid vigorous activities.
Surgical thrombectomy is also a medical procedure that your doctor can use to remove blood clots from the artery. A surgeon can remove blood clots that block blood by making an incision in the blood vessel. After removing the blood clot and repairing the blood vessels, the blood can now flow freely. Thrombectomy is a solution when the blood clot is enormous.
You can also reduce the risk factors that can lead to vascular disease by controlling your high blood pressure, regular exercising, quitting smoking and tobacco use, and ensuring that you eat a healthy diet. The lifestyle changes can help keep you healthy even if you have not been diagnosed with vascular disease.
Vascular diseases affect the arteries and veins and can even cause a heart attack if not treated. It would help if you had a specialized doctor who will give you the best treatment after diagnosis. However, you should call your doctor immediately when you feel that the condition is worsening.