When your brain functions correctly, you can coordinate things and go on with your daily activities smoothly. Unfortunately, it affects your brain when you have Alzheimer’s disease, causing a decline in your memory, understanding and thinking. If you are suffering from Alzheimer’s disease in Pasadena, you can get help at Hospice and Palliative Care of California.
Symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease
The time in which people start showing symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease and the behavior change varies with the individual. You will experience different symptoms depending on the stages of the disease, from preclinical, mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer’s dementia.
Preclinical stage symptoms
You will experience mild forgetfulness, an unstable mood in the preclinical stage, getting irritated easily and anxiety. You will have difficulty in studying new things and handling further information.
You will have difficulty communicating, uncertainty about places and time and reduced ability to perform your daily activities.
Mild cognitive impairment stage
When Alzheimer’s disease progresses to a mild stage, you will start experiencing loss of appetite, your short–term memory loss will increase, and you become more confused.
You will find it hard to recall your friends and family members, find it hard to read, write, recognize numbers, and feel restless.
You will experience personality changes, start neglecting your hygiene and find that you need more assistance with your daily activities.
When Alzheimer’s disease reaches this stage, you will experience severe disorientation. You will not be able to understand or use speech.
Failure to realize yourself or your family members, severe confusion and incontinence and your immobility and sleep time increases.
How is Alzheimer’s disease diagnosed?
Your doctor will carry out the diagnoses by reviewing your medical and psychiatric history and conduct a physical examination. To rule out other conditions that might contribute to your memory loss, your doctor will recommend further tests such as:
Blood and urine test
Your doctor will conduct this test to check if you have Lyme disease, your vitamin level, thyroid condition, or a severe urinary tract infection that might trigger these changes.
Your doctor may recommend you undergo a CT scan or an MRI scan to have a clear picture of your brain structure and rule out other conditions like stroke, accumulation of fluid in your brain, or brain tumor. The scan will also show if you have any dead tissue.
Mental status assessment
Your doctor will assess your behavioral and cognitive functioning to determine the level of your mental deterioration through cognitive exams.
Cerebrospinal fluid analysis
Your doctor will check for tau proteins and beta-amyloid by collecting the fluid from your spine using a needle through this test.
Fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG PET)
Your doctor may recommend this test to check how the brain works by injecting a radioactive tracer with sugar into your vein.
Your doctor may prescribe some medication to help boost your memory and cognitive functions and stop the breakdown of acetylcholine which aids in sleep regulation and memory formation.
To treat behavioral symptoms like depression, aggression and agitation, your doctor may recommend taking antidepressants.
If you have Alzheimer’s disease, do not hesitate to call or book an appointment online with Hospice and Palliative Care of California.