A Closer Look At Hyperthyroidism

The thyroid gland regulates energy use in your body through the production of hormones.  Hyperthyroidism is a condition where the thyroid gland produces an excess amount of hormone, which can affect your entire body’s function. Talk to your Gillette thyroid surgery specialist for help with treating hyperthyroidism and restore your normal body function.

Causes of Hyperthyroidism

Situations that can cause hyperthyroidism include overactive thyroid nodules, thyroiditis, graves’ disease, increased thyroid hormone medicine intake, and increased iodine consumption.

How can you tell if you are at risk of hyperthyroidism?

You are at risk of contracting hyperthyroidism if your family has a history of thyroid disease, if you are consuming foodstuffs with lots of iodine or medication with iodine, or if you had a swollen thyroid gland.  If you have type 1 diabetes, have a vitamin B12 deficiency, and primary adrenal inadequacy, you are also at risk.

Symptoms of Hyperthyroidism

Some hyperthyroidism symptoms are hyperactivity, muscle weakness, nervousness, persistent thirst, sensitivity to heat, itchiness, feeling tired, difficulty sleeping, diarrhea, mood swings, and irritability.

You may also experience excessive sweating and swelling on your neck, even if you have a diet that has the recommended levels of iodine. The palms of your hands may turn red. Your eyes may appear red, dry, and protruding. Despite your increase in appetite, you will experience weight loss.

You will encounter a rapid pulse rate and raised blood pressure. Your hair will start thinning unevenly, and you may experience loose nails. Hyperthyroidism can cause you to experience constant bowel movement. Women with hyperthyroidism will experience irregular menstrual cycles.

Diagnosis of Hyperthyroidism

When you go for a diagnosis, your doctor will investigate your symptoms and medical history. He will also conduct a physical examination. Your doctor may also recommend a blood test to evaluate thyroid hormone levels and an imaging test like an ultrasound scan of your thyroid to help him check whether it has nodules or if it is overactive or inflamed.

Hyperthyroidism Treatment

Your doctor will recommend surgical treatment if your hyperthyroidism has caused a goiter, if you have severe vision problems due to overactive thyroid, or your symptoms keep recurring after treatment, and you cannot be treated with other invasive treatments.

Preparation Before Hyperthyroidism Surgery

Your doctor advises that you should not eat or drink anything after midnight the night before your surgery.

During Surgery

Your doctor will use general anesthesia during the surgery. Your doctor will make an incision in your neck center where you have creases to avoid any scar. He will then extract either all or part of your thyroid. The procedure may take one to two hours.

After the procedure, your doctor will let you know that you may experience neck pain, a sore throat, hoarseness, and difficulty swallowing. Your doctor will prescribe pain medication for your neck and lozenges or throat spray for your sore throat.  Your doctor will advise you to take soft food that you can manage to swallow in the first few days.

For further details on hyperthyroidism treatment, call or book an appointment online with Wyoming Medical Associates.

News Reporter