Individuals with vascular problems that inhibit blood flow into their feet and legs are at a high risk of developing a chronic ulcer. Once you have this type of ulcer, you require specialized wound care to prevent infections and enhance healing. Nirav Patel, DO, provides Yonkers wound care at Premier Vascular, including tissue substitutes, debridement, and therapies to treat your wound.
When do you require wound care?
You require wound care if you have a serious wound, an infected injury, or a non-healing ulcer. The primary causes of non-healing ulcers are that they inhibit the flow of blood into your feet and legs.
Here are the three most common non-healing ulcers:
- Diabetic ulcers
Diabetes destroys the blood vessels in your lower leg and foot. If you get a small wound on your feet, it will not heal because it does not receive sufficient blood. The wound consequently develops into a non-healing diabetic ulcer. Another issue with high blood sugar is that it destroys your nerves, causing a problem called peripheral neuropathy. Neuropathy usually causes numbness, so you will not feel any pain and will not realize you have an ulcer. The small wound can develop into a severe wound before realizing you have a problem.
- Arterial ulcers
When atherosclerotic residue blocks blood flow into the arteries of your legs, peripheral arterial disease develops. The severe peripheral arterial disease can result in a non-healing wound by restricting the flow of oxygen-rich blood to the skin, causing cell death and a chronic arterial ulcer.
- Venous Ulcers
A venous ulcer, also known as venous stasis ulcers, happens when someone has a vascular issue known as chronic venous inadequacy. The condition results in blood backing up in the veins of your leg, which raises your lower leg blood pressure. High blood pressure in your leg veins causes a non-healing venous wound.
Without proper wound care, your wound enlarges and can cause an infection.
Symptoms that show one requires wound care
Individuals with venous insufficiency can develop symptoms in their lower leg, such as:
- Reddish-brown skin or skin rash
- Poor nail development
- Hair loss in lower limbs
- Chronic foot and leg pain
- Leg swelling
- Varicose veins
These symptoms emerge before high venous pressure causes a venous wound.
Venous ulcers usually emerge around your lower leg or ankle. You will see a small red, open ulcer with irregular borders. Your venous wound might not cause pain unless it gets an infection. On the other hand, arterial wounds are usually deep and painful and have well-defined round margins.
A diabetic foot wound might initially seem like a callus, scrape, or cut that develops into an open, re-ulcer. Foot wounds usually develop on the pressure points of the foot.
What wound care services might you get?
Premier Vascular provides personalized wound care plans that include treating the underlying conditions and providing the required care that promotes wound healing.
Your wound care might include one or more of these:
- Total contact casting
- Offloading to remove pressure
- Negative pressure wound therapy
- Bio-engineered tissue substitutes
- Antibiotic therapy
- Advanced wound dressing
- Wound cleaning
- Compression therapy
During your first signs of an active wound, contact Premier Vascular today by booking an appointment online or calling their office numbers for specialized wound care and treatment.