Cardiovascular diseases encompass a wide range of conditions that affect the heart and the blood vessels, some are due to lifestyle, and others are hereditary. This disease is the leading cause of death in the United States of America. Such disorders are usually caused by deposits of fatty tissues in the arteries, damage of arteries, and blood clots. Cardiovascular diseases are of various types, such as coronary heart disease, aortic disease, stroke and transient ischemic attacks, and peripheral arterial diseases. Dr. Bhupinder Singh in Plano is experienced in treating a variety of heart diseases such as congenital heart disease, heart rhythm disease, coronary artery disease, and heart failure.
What should I expect from a cardiologist?
The training cardiologists are experts in treating heart diseases and disorders of the blood vessels. This, therefore, makes them different from primary doctors. When you visit a cardiologist, they will diagnose and treat diseases affecting the heart and the blood vessels. They treat conditions such as heartbeats, fatigue, problems with the valves, and high blood pressure. Their expertise allows the diagnosis of these diseases and customizes a treatment plan based on your needs.
To learn about your condition, the cardiologist will carry out several noninvasive tests such as stress levels, exercise and medication, a scan of arteries (angiogram scan and computed tomography), positron emission tomography (PET), and Magnetic Resonance Angiography (MRA) and even blood tests. If the test results indicate a problem with your heart or arteries, the cardiologist will offer treatment to prevent further complications.
What do I do in a case of cardiovascular disease?
It cannot be easy to identify symptoms of cardiovascular diseases on your own. Symptoms such as chest pain, irregular heartbeats, fatigue, swollen extremities, difficulty in breathing, lightheadedness, nausea, lower back pain, among other symptoms, may be signs of heart problems or other illnesses. Therefore, it is essential to regularly visit the doctor for a comprehensive examination, including your family members’ history. If the doctor learns about your lifestyle and family history, it will allow the doctor to diagnose and treat your illness correctly. It would also help if you follow the doctor’s instructions and change of lifestyle after every visit, such as quit smoking cigarettes, have regular exercises, and manage your weight and stress.
How do I know I am at risk of cardiovascular disease?
Knowing yourself is so essential to prevent cardiovascular diseases and other infections. There are risk factors that can predispose you to cardiovascular infections. They include:
- Cigarette/tobacco smoking
- Not doing exercise or being inactive
- High cholesterol
- Family history with heart-related problems
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) asserts that almost half of American citizens have the risk factors such as high cholesterol, smoking cigarettes, and high blood pressure, which puts them at risk of developing cardiovascular diseases. These diseases are dangerous, and one should not wait for symptoms to be perceived. However, you can take measures to prevent them, such as lifestyle changes, regular exercises, eating a heart-healthy diet, weight and stress management controlling underlying conditions, regular check-ups, among other ways of living healthily.