Acne is a common chronic condition that occurs after inflammation in the sebum-producing glands occurs and presents with pimples on the face, chest, or back. It is estimated that 75% of people between 10 and 29 years suffer from acne. Acne is not a life-threatening condition but it can be severe and it many times affects the confidence of people in their appearance.
The condition mostly occurs during adolescence because during this period there is an increase of androgenic hormones that are produced by the suprarenal gland in both sexes. There are different types of acne like white and blackheads, nodules, and cysts. Treatment for acne at SkinDC Dermatology Center is individualized because different people suffer from different types and severity of acne.
What Causes Acne?
The most common cause of acne during puberty is an increase of androgenic hormones from the adrenal gland in boys and girls. These male hormones trigger the increase in the size of the sebum-producing glands in the skin which causes cell damage creating openings that can harbor bacteria resulting in whiteheads or pustules.
Some drugs increase the risk of having acne like a drug that is used to treat mania called lithium. High-stress levels can also predispose someone to get acne. During menstruation, there is an increase in the level of hormones and this triggers acne. Some cosmetic products may also affect the skin, adversely causing acne.
Some people may also have a genetic predisposition to getting acne. Acne can become worse when it is constantly scrubbed or picked, by environmental pollution, stress, using unfamiliar products on the skin, or due to strenuous exercise during sports or in the gym.
How Can You Prevent Acne?
You should regularly wash your face and ensure that you at least wash your face three times a day and whenever you have increased sweating. Avoid experimenting with your face by using cosmetic products that are not approved by dermatologists. Always ensure that anything that comes in to contact with your face is clean like pillowcases and hats or even your phone.
Use makeup that is suitable for your skin type and avoid products that have pomade. Always ensure that you remove your make up before going to bed and wash your face. Your hair hygiene also affects your face and therefore it is advisable to always have clean hair to avoid the accumulation of acne. Avoid unnecessarily touching your face and also reduce your stress and anxiety levels.
Wash your hands before washing your face or applying anything on your face. The sun converts whiteheads to blackheads and also increases sweating and therefore it is advisable to prevent direct sun exposure. Always clean your razors before shaving with them and keep your spectacles clean.
What Are the Common Myths About Acne?
There is a myth that acne is only caused by excess production of sebum in the skin. This is false because a variety of other factors like stress, greasy cosmetic products, and drugs can cause acne. Another myth is that eating chocolate will give you acne. This is not true but it is important to eat healthily and drink a lot of water. There is no evidence washing your face or exposing it to direct sunlight will help to treat your acne.
Acne is a chronic skin condition that is produced by excess production of sebum and can present as pimples, pustules, cysts, or even nodules. Different people suffer from different types of acne and therefore the treatment varies from person to person. You need to seek treatment for acne at the early stages of the condition.