Diabetes is a chronic disease that needs daily management. This disease affects how the body uses glucose (blood sugar). Glucose is essential in the body because it’s an energy source for cells making up your tissues and muscles. Glucose is also the brain’s primary source of fuel. Germantown diabetes gives comprehensive care for men, women, and children.
Causes of diabetes
Causes of type 1 diabetes
The immune system that generally fights harmful viruses and bacteria destroys the cells producing insulin in the pancreas. This leaves your body with less insulin. Sugar adds up in the bloodstream instead of it being transported into the cells.
Type 1 is also thought to be caused by environmental factors and genetic susceptibility, though these factors are not exact. Weight is not believed to be one of the factors in this type.
Causes of prediabetes and type 2 diabetes
In prediabetes which might lead to type 2 diabetes, your cells are resistant to insulin, and the pancreas is not in a position to make enough insulin to overpower this resistance. In type 2 diabetes, sugar builds up in the bloodstream instead of moving into the cells.
It’s believed that environmental and genetic factors play a role in this type too. Being overweight can lead to type 2 diabetes, although not every overweight person has type 2 diabetes.
Causes of gestational diabetes
The placenta produces hormones during pregnancy to bear the pregnancy. The hormones make your cells resist insulin.
The pancreas secretes enough extra insulin to overcome the resistance; sometimes, the pancreas can keep up. When the pancreas keeps up, less glucose gets into your cells, and a lot is stuck in the blood, leading to gestational diabetes.
Nerve damage (neuropathy). Excess sugar might damage the walls of the tiny blood capillaries that sustain your nerves, mostly in your legs. This causes numbness, pain, tingling, or burning that starts at the toes or fingertips and eventually spreads upward.
If left untreated, you can lose the sense of feeling in the affected parts. If nerves related to digestion are damaged, it can cause vomiting, nausea, constipation, and diarrhea. For men, it leads to erectile dysfunction.
Cardiovascular disease. Diabetes increases the risk of getting various cardiovascular problems like heart attack, narrowing of arteries, stroke, and coronary disease with chest pain. If you have diabetes, you are at risk of having a stroke and getting heart disease.
Kidney damage. The kidney has so many blood vessel clusters which filter waste from your blood. Diabetes damages this filtering system. Severe damages can lead to kidney failure, which will require a kidney transplant or dialysis.
Eye damage (retinopathy). Diabetes damages blood vessels of the retina, leading to blindness. Diabetes also increases the risks of other severe vision problems, like glaucoma and cataracts.
Diabetes treatment is determined by the way you eat and lifestyle changes. You should reduce the consumption of carbohydrates and start regular exercise. This applies to type 1 and type 2. Suppose at any point you need oral medication or insulin to manage your diabetes. In that case, the Doctors First professionals will help you maintain and monitor strict and helpful control of your diabetes.