Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is a common complication that can cause severe discomfort, making it impossible for you to manage even simple chores. Fortunately, you don’t have to suffer such consequences as medical experts such as Davenport peripheral arterial disease specialists at Vein and Cardiovascular Center can help you. Therefore, if you suspect you have PAD, you can seek medical assistance for diagnosis and treatment. When your condition is confirmed, several treatment options are available to help you get back to your quality of life. Let us read on!
- Lifestyle Changes
Several factors contributed by your lifestyle can cause PAD, meaning you have to adjust the lifestyle for you to manage the condition. Simple lifestyle changes have proven effective in managing peripheral artery disease by reducing the disease’s symptoms.
If you smoke, quitting smoking can be a good choice for you if diagnosed with PAD. This is because it causes a faster disease progression as it can damage your blood cells and reduce your heat’s efficacy to pump blood. This can cause plaque formation, which is a severe obstacle to blood circulation.
You can also be advised to make some changes to your diet. Some foods, particularly those with high-fat concentrations, can contribute to plaque formations in your bloodstream, increasing both the risk and severity of PAD. Therefore, whether they are your favorite foods, you may need to avoid them.
Exercising can be something to add to your daily schedule, particularly cardio workouts. Such exercises can help in lowering your blood pressure and cholesterol levels reducing your risks of plaque formations.
- Prescription Medications
Sometimes your efforts to adjust your lifestyle may not be enough to manage PAD. Hence, you might require some medications, mainly if another medical condition contributes to your PAD.
You can be required to take statins to manage high cholesterol. This is due to cholesterol having a significant role in plaque formation, and by lowering it, you can improve your heart function and improve blood circulation.
You can also be prescribed some medications to manage high blood sugar and high blood pressure. This will help you avoid several circulatory complications and helps you to manage PAD.
- Minimally Invasive Procedures
Where neither lifestyle changes nor prescription medications improve your condition, your provider may recommend some minimally invasive procedures for PAD.
Angioplasty can be recommended, including inserting a small catheter into your artery where it is maneuvered to the spot where blood flow seems restricted. The catheter usually has a balloon on the tip, which is expanded to create a broader channel to improve the blood flow.
Atherectomy can also be recommended, which involves inserting a catheter into the affected artery, just like in angioplasty. In this procedure, a rotating blade is used to shave off the plaque, clearing the blockage.
Stenting can also be done, which involves using small mesh tubes inserted into the arteries through a minimally invasive procedure. The tubes remain in the artery holding it open, preventing blockages.
- Traditional Surgery
Surgery isn’t always the best option; however, depending on the severity of your complication, it can become the only option. Some of the standard surgical procedures for PAD include:
- Aortobifemoral bypass
- Fem-pop bypass
- Femoral-tibial bypass
If you are experiencing PAD-related pain and other symptoms, you can benefit from the above treatment options. Your provider will determine which option best suits your condition. Therefore, consultation is the first step towards managing your complications. Don’t hesitate to contact the Vein and Cardiovascular Center team of experts for more information.