Venous insufficiency is a medical condition that occurs when veins in your valves collapse, causing blood to flow backward and accumulate in your legs. As a result, varicose or spider veins may develop. Spider or thread veins are similar to varicose veins but are smaller and may appear as blue, purple, or red webs close to your skin’s surface. Spider veins do not cause pain, but they may be unsightly, which is why you should consider sclerotherapy in Tallahassee to improve your skin’s appearance.
What is sclerotherapy?
Sclerotherapy is the treatment for varicose and spider veins that involves injecting a solution directly into your vein, which causes the vein to scar and re-route blood flow to other healthy veins.
This treatment method minimizes possible symptoms such as aching, night cramps, swelling, and inflammation.
What happens during the diagnosis?
Your doctor examines the veins and checks for any underlying disease such as deep vein thrombosis before recommending treatment. Your specialist may use an ultrasound test to obtain images of your veins for a better diagnosis.
Your specialist may review your medical history and current health status to check for any medical conditions, such as the history of blood clots.
Preparation for sclerotherapy
- Medications such as ibuprofen, aspirin, and herbal supplements that cause blood thinning should be avoided before treatment to minimize the chances of bleeding.
- You should avoid shaving your legs or the treatment area a day before the procedure and wear clothing such as shorts to expose your legs for treatment.
During the procedure, your doctor will clean the treatment area. While lying on your back with your legs slightly raised, your doctor will inject a solution into the affected vein. Other times the solution may consist of lidocaine which is a local anesthetic.
If the vein is large, your specialist may use a foam solution to cover a larger surface area. You may experience a minor sting during the injection. Inform your doctor in case the pain is severe. Intense pain may be caused when the solution or foam leaks from the vein to the surrounding tissue. The solution causes the spider or varicose veins to close up. After some time, the vein becomes scar tissue and disappears.
After withdrawing the needle, your doctor will compress the injected area to spread the solution and prevent bleeding. Before treating the next vein, your doctor may place a compression pad on the treated area.
After treatment, you may experience several side effects, including:
- Blood may clot in the treated vein. In rare cases, the clot may move into a vein in your leg, resulting in deep vein thrombosis.
- Slight swelling and inflammation may occur around the injection site. Over-the-counter medication such as aspirin may help reduce the pain.
- In rare cases, patients report having an allergic reaction after treatment.
- Air bubbles may form in your veins. You may not experience any symptoms. Contact your doctor if you have difficulties moving your limb.
Sclerotherapy effectively clears out spider veins from your skin. To learn more about sclerotherapy treatment, schedule an appointment with your specialist at Tallahassee Vein & Face Clinic.