Swollen Legs- Common Causes and Symptoms

Swollen legs are mostly associated with circulation problems. However, it may be caused by other simple reasons like being inactive for a long time or wearing tight socks. The buildup of fluids is usually painful and only covers a small area. It may not be so severe and goes away very fast, but it is essential to know when to see a doctor. There are severe issues that require medical attention immediately. You can see Tobin Hill OB/GYN, a competent physician who deals with all vascular and vein conditions.

Here are some common causes of swollen legs:

Congestive heart failure

When the heart is too weak to pump blood necessary for the normal functioning of the body, fluids then start to build up in one or both legs. The person may experience tiredness, trouble in breathing, and coughing.

Varicose veins

Valves in the leg veins do not channel the deoxygenated blood towards the heart. Instead, the blood starts to collect in pools. Bluish clusters of varicose veins begin to show, and the leg may also start to swell. Symptoms associated with this condition may include achy legs, pain after being inactive for a long time, skin color change, and sores.

Kidney problems

Sometimes the kidneys may start to fail in their function and not work as they should. They do not filter waste materials and water from the blood as normal. Therefore, fluid begins to gather inside the body, causing legs and hands to swell. Symptoms include thirst, fatigue, and shortness of breath.


Legs begin swelling mostly in the last three months of pregnancy. The increasing weight of the baby puts pressure on the legs and veins inside, causing blood circulation to slow down. Fluids build up, and legs swell. The mother may experience severe headaches, vision blurriness, and swelling in other parts such as the eyes. If the symptoms continue after delivery, it is advisable to seek medical attention.


Some prescription drugs have negative side effects. Examples of these medications include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, diabetes drugs, and hormone medications with progesterone or estrogen.


The body will immediately react after an injury and swell. It could be a broken bone, sprain, or strain. The fluid will accumulate as white blood cells move into the area to aid in healing.

Leg disease

Liver cirrhosis reduces the levels of albumin and other proteins in the blood. This causes the body to retain fluids that begin to leak into the abdomen and swell legs.

Obstruction of flow

A blood clot blocks drainage of fluid in the deep veins making it back up. One or both legs then begin to swell. A lymph tumor blocking the flow of blood also causes leg swells.

Knowing the cause is the first step to treating leg swells. The team at Hamilton Vascular helps in the diagnosis to find out what might be causing the fluid buildup. They are highly skilled and experienced in dealing with people with edema and other vein conditions. Book an appointment with the nearest office.

News Reporter