Treatment for spinal tumors varies depending on the form and location of the tumor, as well as any other severe health problems that may be present. Spinal tumors may be treated in a variety of ways, ranging from simple observation and monitoring to full surgical removal.
Treatments for Spinal Tumors That Aren’t Surgical-
Nonsurgical therapies for spinal tumors may be used instead of or in addition to surgery. If identified in the primary stage, your doctor will actually try to treat you with the help of EBRT or other medications. Surgery is considered to be the last option. If you are opting for spinal tumor treatment in Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, Dr. Mohana Rao who is one of the best neurosurgeon in Guntur will use the following methods to treat your condition. However depending upon your condition surgery might be recommended.
External Beam Radiation Therapy (EBRT)-
External beam radiation therapy (EBRT) entails sending a beam of radiation into the body to target the tumor with a machine. The aim is to eliminate the tumor cells and/or reduce the size of the tumor.
Stereotactic radiosurgery is a form of radiation therapy that involves sending several beams from multiple angles in order to preserve as much healthy tissue as possible when targeting the tumor. Each individual radiation beam has a low power, however several of these low-power beams will collide and intensify at the tumor.
After spinal tumor surgery, your neurosurgeon will use radiation to destroy any remaining tumor cells. It can also be used to shrink a spinal tumor before surgery in situations where the tumor is deemed inoperable.
- Corticosteroids, which may be used to help minimize inflammation and potentially the size of the tumor, may be considered as part of a treatment strategy for spinal tumors.
- Pain relievers can aid in the relief of pain caused by a spinal tumor. Nerve pain killers, opioids, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are examples (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs).
- Chemotherapy medications, which can be administered intravenously or orally, are used to kill cancer cells all over the body. Although there is no evidence that chemotherapy directly targets spinal cord tumors, it can be seen as part of a cancer treatment strategy.
- Immunotherapy medications, which activate the immune system to kill dysfunctional cells, are a relatively recent treatment that is still being researched. Immunotherapy may be able to shrink spinal tumors, according to some evidence, but further research is required.
- Some patients may be eligible for clinical trials in which new treatments for the treatment of spinal tumors are studied.
Waiting and Observing-
A spinal tumor may often be found without causing any symptoms. It might be safer to simply track an asymptomatic spinal tumor with imaging every few months to ensure that it is not developing rapidly.
A benign spinal tumor may or may not become problematic in the future. There is no need for treatment if a benign spinal tumor causes no symptoms. By consistently tracking the tumor, care will begin as soon as symptoms appear, potentially improving the outcome.
When a spinal tumor occurs as a result of advanced cancer or in the presence of other serious health issues, the patient’s general health and life expectancy may need to be taken into account. Palliative care can be chosen if a patient’s general health indicates that surgery or other aggressive spinal tumor therapies would not be beneficial. Palliative care focuses on medication-assisted pain relief and keeping the patient as comfortable as possible.
Spinal Tumor Surgery-
Spinal Tumor Surgery is a procedure that is used to remove tumors from the spine. When a spinal tumor is removed, there are usually three objectives:
- Remove the whole tumor (or as much as possible)
- Maintain neurological health.
- Maintain spinal balance.
Depending on the type of spinal tumor and its position, a variety of surgical techniques are available. Some spinal tumor procedures may be performed with minimally invasive techniques, while others can necessitate more intensive surgery or a combination of techniques.
The thoracic laminectomy is one of the most popular procedures for spinal cord tumors. The back part of a thoracic vertebra, including both laminae and the spinous process, is removed during this procedure.
Radiation or, less commonly, chemotherapy may be used to treat any remaining tumor after surgery. The nerves may take some time to heal after surgery for a metastatic spinal tumor. Rehabilitation and time are usually helpful in improving a patient’s neurological function.
Before committing to any treatment plan, it’s important that the patient understands the possible advantages and complications, as well as what alternative treatment options are available. You doctor will help you in this case.