The teacher’s obligation is to ensure that there is a conducive learning environment in the classroom. In order to accomplish this, a teacher should ensure equity in the classroom. The major areas of equity that the teacher should be concerned about are race, individual capabilities of each student, and gender. By understanding these barriers, the teacher will be able to identify everything that may be discriminatory in order to give all students equal opportunities for success. To achieve equity in the classroom, the teacher has to observe some regulations that will guide him/her during the educational process.
Gender discrimination can have adverse effects on academic performance of students of both genders. In the modern society, there is still a common perception that boys are a stronger gender. Thus, teachers can be tempted to give boys more preference when it comes to the difficult exercises or topics. As a teacher, one should be concerned that this would affect the girls’ attitude towards particular subjects. What is more, this will definitely lead to a poor interest. Since the girls have already been shown that they cannot make something, this will ultimately result into poor performance.
To ensure that all students perform well, the teacher should pose the same type of questions to both genders so as to encourage their participation. Thus, it will bring equality since both and girls will be able to compete; moreover, this competition will provoke a desire to perform even better. As a teacher, one should also strive not to use gender sensitive language in order to show that both sexes are equal. In addition, teachers should not assign classroom duties based on gender perceived roles.
In the American K-12 public education system, children from all races are eligible to be at school and attend the same classes. Such a development was initiated in the 1950’s, after a young African American girl won a suit against the school that had refused to admit her based on her skin color. As a teacher, one should be aware of the sensitivity that surrounds the issue of racial or cultural discrimination. By using Culturally Responsive Classroom Management, the teacher is guided by steps that ensure exercising of equality for all learners in the classroom. The first thing the teacher has to do is to reflect on students’ own perceptions influenced by their cultural background. This will then give the teacher an opportunity to find out something more about his/her students’ backgrounds and enable to observe the major characteristics associated with each ethnicity.
The teacher should also avoid creating stereotypes. It is also required to understand social issues connected with the ethnic diversity in society, namely behaviors or characters associated with each ethnic group. This will be important in the classroom whenever it comes to the issues of punishment, where the discipline issues may be racially discriminative. For example, a student with different skin color may be viewed as rude or disrespectful; however, according to his cultural beliefs, such behavior is allowed. Misunderstandings of this kind may show a student as problematic, and this will amount to being discriminative. The teacher should also try to encourage students to the group work, offering some readings that reflect on the different ethnicities. Therefore, this will create a learning environment that favors students’ social and academic objectives.
The teacher should also display equality when dealing with students of different capabilities and strengths. It is important for the teacher to gauge the abilities and strengths of all students in order to treat them equally without making the weaker students feel left out. Most importantly, the teacher should not be judgmental about students’ abilities. On the contrary, students should be motivated equally (Kratochwill, 2006). It should be mentioned that the teacher should credit each student equally, which will make even weak students feel motivated. As a result, they will want to continue participating in the classwork. The teacher should also ask students questions equally, despite their capabilities. Even if a student gets something wrong, he/she should not be told off but rather complimented for contribution. This will ensure that students do not notice some differences and mock each other since no one is superior to the other.
To ensure that students perform well in the classroom, the teacher should exercise equity in all of the learning activities. By promoting equity, the teacher will instill this culture in students and create an environment conducive for learning. By dividing students into groups, the teachers are able to put them in position, where role sharing can be done equally. Therefore, students will assist each other, and this unity will make them perceive each other as equals. Besides, in order to exercise equality in the classroom, the teacher should not forget to have equal expectations for each student. Thus, a good teacher student relationship should be established in order to ensure that there is a participation in the classroom. All this will make it easier for the teacher to assist each student.
About the author: Laura Duncan is a specialist in English literature at Orlando University. She is currently working on a variety of topics related to studying the state of modern education. Laura is the leading explorer of US poetry of the 20th century and I am Joaquin poem analysis one of the most important analytical research in her career. She also studies the influence of literature and language on the consciousness of society.