Peripheral Neuropathy: Causes and Treatment Options

Your body depends on your peripheral nervous system to receive signals from your brain and spinal cord. A malfunction of the peripheral nerves (peripheral neuropathy) will result in muscle weakness, numbness, and disturbing pain in your limbs. Contacting your Bakersfield peripheral neuropathy specialist for an early diagnosis can give you a better chance to control your symptoms, preventing severe damage to your peripheral nerves. 

What symptoms might you have with peripheral neuropathy?

Different nerves in your peripheral nervous system have various functions. Therefore, your symptoms will vary significantly, depending on your affected nerves. The condition can affect a single nerve, two or more nerves in different areas, or multiple nerves. The typical symptoms you can experience with peripheral neuropathy include:

  • Tingling sensation in your hands and feet
  • Sharp, throbbing, or stabbing pains
  • Numbness in your hands and feet
  • Sensitivity to touch
  • Unnecessary pain when you should not be feeling hurt
  • Lack of coordination
  • Muscle weakness

For affected autonomic nerves, you may experience signs like:

  • Heat intolerance
  • Inability to sweat or excessive sweating
  • Unstable blood pressure
  • Digestive complications

What are the possible causes of peripheral neuropathy?

You will most likely suffer from the disorder if you have a family history with the condition. However, several other underlying conditions may also cause peripheral neuropathy. These health conditions include:

Diseases. Nerve damage resulting from diabetes is a common occurrence. The nerve damage causes numbness and pain in your hands and feet. You will be at a high risk of developing the disorder if you:

  • Are overweight
  • Have high blood pressure
  • Are above 40yers

Other chronic illness that might also destroy your nerves include:

  • Hypothyroidism
  • Kidney disorders
  • Deficiency in vitamins responsible for your nerve functioning and health

Injury. Car accidents, falls, or any other form of physical trauma might injure your nerves.

Autoimmune diseases. Conditions like lupus and rheumatoid arthritis cause chronic inflammation, damaging your body’s tissues. The pressure resulting from the inflammation can cause severe nerve damage. 

Infections.  Viral and bacterial infections have high chances of damaging your nerves, causing intense episodes of shooting pain. Failure to contact your doctor for treatment could result in the infections causing nerve damage.

Medications. Medications that might damage your nerves include:

  • Specific blood pressure medications
  • Cancer treatment medications
  • Bacterial infections drugs
  • Anticonvulsants

Tumors. Growths (malignant or benign) that develop on your nerves and pressing on them will most likely damage the affected nerves.  

How will your doctor relieve you from peripheral neuropathy’s symptoms?

Your doctor will evaluate your symptoms’ primary cause and treat the underlying condition before recommending treatment. Suppose your lab tests fail to indicate an underlying factor, the care provider might suggest observing your symptoms for possible changes. Your treatment plan might include:

Medications. Besides the prescription drugs your doctor can recommend to treat the underlying triggers, the specialist might also prescribe the following medicines to minimize your symptoms.

  • Anti-seizure medications
  • Pain-relievers
  • Antidepressants
  • Topical treatments

Therapies. Besides medications, your doctor might incorporate other treatments and procedures to ease the disorder’s symptoms. They include:

  • Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation
  • Plasma exchange and intravenous immune globulin
  • Physical therapy
  • Surgery

Contact your doctor if you have worries about your peripheral neuropathy risks to know how you can get help.   

News Reporter