How long does menopause last?

Every female representative in adulthood is interested in what age does menopause start? All women should be aware that when they approach the age of 45, they have to experience some metamorphoses in their bodies. Statistics show that most women notice the occurrence of premenopause in the period from 47 to 54-55 years. That is the answer to the question “when does menopause start?”

The initial stage of menopause in women lasts an average of 1 to 1,5 years. Those women who visit a gynecologist regularly are aware of their physiological changes in the body and are positive and calm about their signs and symptoms of menopause.

The precursors of premenopause are considered to be such menopause symptoms as sudden headache, dizziness, and sweating. At the same time, women experience discomfort, emotionally labile, irritable.

The stages of the menopause

  1. The first stage of this period is premenopause. At this time, marked by a change in the physiology of menstruation. Their frequency and the amount of blood loss are markedly reduced. The beginning of metamorphoses occurs after 40 years, for each woman this period is individual, as well as the appearance of signs and symptoms of menopause. They are associated with the beginning of hormonal changes that occur for 2 to 10 years or more, leading to the complete disappearance of menstrual flow.

  2. The next stage is menopause. It lasts an average of about a year. Its beginning is considered the end of the last menstrual cycle. There are the following menopause symptoms: a weakening in the work of the ovaries, the formation of mastopathy is possible, bone tissue begins to lose its density and the risk of developing osteoporosis increases. This period occurs in women at the turn of 50-55 years.

  3. After the completion of menopause, the next stage befalls – postmenopausal stage. This is the menopause completion, and its duration lasts until the end of a woman’s life path. Here hormonal changes are completed, the clinical signs and symptoms of menopause cease to bother the woman. The ovaries are reduced to 4 grams and wrinkled, the connective tissue grows.

The first  menopause symptoms include:

  • headache and sweating;

  • hot flashes;

  • the feeling of heart palpitations;

  • hypertension;

  • insomnia;

  • dizziness.

External signs and symptoms of menopause: fatigue, decreased libido, irritability, emotional lability, and mood swings. Due to the decrease in hormone production, the skin becomes dry, loses its elasticity, which leads to the appearance of wrinkles. Hair begins to fall out intensely, their growth noticeably slows down, they become brittle and thinned. 2-3 years after the onset of menopause, itching and dryness, a burning sensation in the genital area of ​​a woman. The bladder muscles weaken and urinary incontinence occurs.

These are the symptoms of menopause of the late stages of climacteric changes: metabolism is disturbed, the layer of adipose tissue increases, osteoporosis progresses, atherosclerotic changes in the vessels are observed.

Ways to delay signs and symptoms of menopause

With the help of laboratory analysis, you can track the time of menopause, check the blood for the content of follicle-stimulating hormone. Its increase indicates the approach of this period. A test is carried out regularly, and in the case when a positive response comes out 2-3 times, then the hormonal restructuring of the body begins.

News Reporter