Flat feet refer to a condition in which the arches on the inner side of your feet become flat. When you have flat feet, the entire surface of your sole comes into contact with the floor when you are standing. The symptoms of flat feet are evident in childhood because they are caused by abnormalities of development. Most people with flat feet do not have foot pain.
However, if you are having pain due to flat feet, it is important to seek treatment from a doctor. When you visit the doctor with pain in your feet, the doctor will take your medical history to check what the primary cause of the pain is. The doctor also examines your feet checking for deformities and signs of infection that may give you foot pain. A doctor like Dr. Jordan D Cameron will then offer you personalized treatment to relieve the symptoms.
What Causes Flat Feet?
The arches in the feet develop during childhood and therefore it is normal for an infant to have flat feet. However, the arches in the feet of some people fail to develop. This does not always mean that these people have a deformity since flat feet are sometimes a normal variation of the appearance of feet. Some children have a normal foot arch when they tiptoe but this disappears when they stand.
It is not unusual for someone who had a foot arch to get a flat arch as they age. This is because, with advancing age, the supporting structures of the foot arch weaken and therefore make you develop a flat foot. Some risk factors increase your risk of getting flat feet including obesity because the excess weight puts a lot of pressure on your feet.
If you get trauma to the foot that damages the tendon that supports the arch of the foot, you may develop a flat foot. Rheumatoid arthritis that damages the synovium of joints in the foot can also put you at risk of flat feet. Having diabetes also puts you at risk of flat feet.
How Are Flat Feet Treated?
There are many ways of treating flat feet that include wearing arch supports that are made in the shape of your feet and help to reduce the severity of the symptoms of flat feet. You may also benefit from physical therapy that teaches you how to cope with flat feet. Wearing comfortable shoes with arch support as well as doing exercises to stretch your Achilles tendon help to relieve the symptoms of flat feet.
Doing aggressive exercise can worsen your symptoms and therefore it is important to do moderate exercise that does not cause you pain. Sometimes the doctor may prescribe some painkillers for you that reduce the pain that you are suffering from. Another effective method of treating flat feet is by managing your weight through eating a healthy diet and increasing your physical activity.
In summary, flat feet develop when the arches in your feet fail to develop properly. It is normal for infants and young children to have flat feet since much of the development occurs during childhood. Some of the factors that increase the risk of flat feet include obesity, diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, and trauma to the foot. Treatment is only offered to people who have symptoms like pain.