Family Planning and Birth Control Methods

Family planning is a method used for birth control and enables couples to create a family structure that fits their personal, cultural, and financial goals and needs. Family planning services allow parents to achieve their desired family size and birth spacing. This improves children, infants, and family’s health. Family planning in McAllen helps you find a birth control method that is right for you.

What Are The Birth Control Methods?

There are two categories of birth control: barrier methods and hormonal methods.

Barrier methods prevent sperms from entering the vagina. The popular barrier methods are condoms, internal condoms, diaphragm, birth control sponge, and cervical cap.

Condoms protect against unexpected pregnancies, as well as sexually transmitted infections (STIs).

What Are Hormonal Contraceptives?

They are contraceptives that use hormones to thicken your cervical mucus or prevent ovulation. Hormonal contraceptives include birth control pills, birth control injection, implants, patches, and intrauterine devices.

Birth control pills, also known as oral contraceptives, are taken by mouth to prevent pregnancy. They are effective, up to 99.9%. However, the medication doesn’t control STIs and STDs, including HIV. It is advised to take the pills at the same time every day. 

Birth control pills have some side effects, although they are not very serious. They include mood changes, nausea, lighter periods, and spotting between periods.

Birth control injections are also called the Depo Provera injection. The contraceptive is injected every three months. It contains a progesterone hormone. If used correctly, it’s 99% effective and safe to use.

Depo Provera injection is useful for women who find it challenging to take a pill simultaneously or forget to take medicine each time they have sex. Women who cannot use contraceptives that contain estrogen can use this injection.

Side effects of birth control injection include headaches, weight gain, and irregular bleeding. It takes one year to regain your fertility after the injection wears off. It may not be the best method for those wishing to have a child in the near future.

Implants contraceptives are long-term birth control methods for women. A contraceptive implant is inserted under the skin of the upper arm. It releases a progesterone hormone that thins the endometrium and thickens cervical mucus. A contraceptive implant can serve up to three years. The implant’s side effects include decreased sex drive, dizziness, vaginal bleeding changes, and abdominal pain.

Intrauterine device (IUD) is a small T-shaped copper device put in the uterus to prevent pregnancy. It’s 99% effective and lasts between five to ten years. It can be inserted anytime during your periods and can also be removed at any time, and you can get pregnant immediately.

The IUD releases copper into the womb that modifies the cervical mucus, making it more difficult for sperm to reach an egg. It stops a fertilized egg from implanting itself.

The use of contraceptives is very useful in preventing unwanted and early pregnancies. If you can’t abstain and you’re not planning on having a child use a contraceptive of your choice and enjoy the progress. You can also visit the Women’s Clinic of the Rio Grande Valley and enquire more about different contraceptive methods.

News Reporter